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Infinitive worksheets PDF
PDF exercises with answers to download for free.
- Complete sentences with a verb from the list:
(arrive, contact, talk, answer)
I demand ___ to your boss.
I demand to talk to your boss.
- Use a verb to complete sentences:
(answer, tell, do, win)
I always do my best ___ well at school.
I always do my best to do well at school.
- Make sentences:
may | take | you | it
You may take it.
- Rewrite sentences:
I'm sure that he is coming tomorrow.
He must be coming tomorrow.
- Choose correct forms to complete sentences:
He seems to have been ill.
It seems that he ___ ill. (is, was)
It seems that he was ill.
Gerund vs. infinitive exercises PDF I like skiing. - I would like to ski.
Online exercises with answers:
Grammar rules PDF:
Gerund and infinitive rules PDF Grammar rules with examples to download for free.
English grammar PDF All PDF rules on e-grammar.org.
In English there are expressions followed by infinitives (They agreed to come), other expressions followed by gerunds (Did you enjoy flying?) and there are also expressions followed by both gerunds and infinitives (She began to work - She began working).
Examples of verbs followed by infinitive
agree, appear, arrange, ask, choose, decide, demand, encourage, fail, forbid, force, hope, instruct, invite, learn, manage, offer, order, permit, persuade, plan, prepare, pretend, promise, refuse, remind, seem, swear, warn
He decided to study at university.
We hoped to find it.
Did he seem to like it?
I ordered my son to send it.
Expressions and phrasal verbs followed by infinitive:
be about, do one's best, make up one's mind, set out, turn out
He was about to start.
I did my best to learn it.
I haven't made up my mind to start yet.
It turned out to be your car.
We set out to cut the tree.
Bare infinitive (without to)
We usually use infinitives with to in the English language.
I want to go.
I told him to come.
The infinitive without to (bare infinitive) is used as follows.
1. After modal verbs can, may, must, needn't, dare...
I can bring it.
He may take it.
You must buy it.
We needn't open it.
He dared not tell me.
The verbs dare and need can also be followed by the infinitive with to. In such sentences we use do to make questions and negatives.
I dared not call you.
I didn't dare to call you.
These two sentences have the same meaning, only the form is different.
You needn't listen to him. (You don't have to listen to him.)
You don't need to listen to him. (There is no need to listen.)
These two sentences are different in the form and meaning, too.
2. After the verbs of senses - feel, hear, see, watch.
We saw you swim.
I heard her sing.
It is more common, however, to use -ing form in English after the verbs of senses.
We saw you swimming.
I heard her singing.
But: In the passive voice the form is different.
She was seen to cry.
3. After some more expressions - let, make, would rather, had better, help.
Don't let him go.
She made me drive.
I'd rather finish it.
You'd better start.
I helped them carry it.
The verb help can also be followed by the infinitiv with to.
I helped them to carry it.
But with the passive voice we use the following.
I was made to drive.
He was let to go.
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