Regular and irregular verbs
- Lists of verbs PDF + online
- Exercises PDF + online
Regular and irregular verbs lists
PDF lists of verbs:
Regular verbs list PDF Spelling changes.
Basic irregular verbs list PDF Past simple and past participle forms.
Full list of irregular verbs PDF Past simple and past participle forms.
Online lists of verbs:
Regular verbs list Verbs which change their spelling (dry - dried, stop - stopped...).
Irregular verbs list Irregular past tense and past participle (do - did -done...).
Regular and irregular verbs worksheets PDF
- Practise changes in spelling of regular forms.
- Practise the past simple forms.
Past simple + past participle:
- 1. Complete sentences with words in brackets. 2. Correct mistakes.
- 1. Fill in the missing forms. 2. Complete sentences.
- All PDF exercises and grammar rules from this website.
Online exercises with answers
Learn the difference between regular and irregular verbs.
1. The regular past tense in English is usually formed by -ed ending (work - worked, stay - stayed). It is the same for all persons, singular and plural: I started, you started, he started, we played, they played.
2. The regular past participle is the same. It is also formed by -ed ending (worked, stayed). It is used in perfect tenses and passive voice: I have started, you had started, he will have started, it was started.
3. There are, however, groups of regular verbs which change their spelling in the past tense and past participle (try - tried, chat - chatted...).
Read more: Regular verbs
English irregular verbs can have up to three different forms: the base form (go, draw), the past tense (went, drew) and the past participle (gone, drawn).
I went to work by bus yesterday.
You drew a beautiful picture at school.
He saw my car in the parking place.
We wrote the email before dinner.
I have gone to the shop three times today.
You have drawn a lot of pictures since the morning.
He has just seen my car.
We have already written the email.
There are basically four big groups of irregular verbs in English.
1. Verbs which have three different forms: do - did - done, write - wrote - written, sing - sang - sung.
2. Verbs which have a different base form, but the past tense and past participle are the same: build - built - built, dig - dug - dug, tell - told - told.
3. Verbs which have only one form: bet - bet - bet, cost - cost - cost, set - set - set.
4. Verbs which have both regular and irregular forms: dream - dreamed/dreamt - dreamed/dreamt, forecast - forecasted/forecast - forecasted/forecast, learn - learned/learnt - learned/learnt.
But the English irregular verbs are even more complicated. Apart from the above mentioned groups, there are some irregular verbs that do not fit to any of these groups.
Awake is irregular, but it can have a regular past tense form (awake - awaked/awoke - awaken).
Beat has the same base form and past tense, but the past participle is different (beat - beat - beaten).
Become has the same base form and past partiple, but the past tense is different (become - became - become).
Bid has two irregular forms in both the past tense and past participle (bid - bade/bid - bidden/bid).
Come (like 'become') has the same base form and past partiple, but the past tense is different (come - came - come).
Eat has two possible pronunciations in the past tense (eat - ate - eaten).
Forbid has two irregular forms only in the past tense (forbid - forbad/forbade - forbidden).
Hang is both a regular and irregular verb, but each form has a different meaning (I hung my coat in the hall. - They hanged him for murder.)
Lie is regular and irregular, but with a different meaning (I lied to my mum. - The book lay on the table.)
Read has only one form (read - read - read), but the base form has a different pronunciation.