Past simple, regular verbs
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- Spelling rules
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Past simple: regular verbs exercises
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Past simple: regular verbs spelling rules
We make the past simple of regular verbs by adding -ed ending to the base form of a verb (start - started, jump - jumped).
I started my journey yesterday.
You jumped more than five metres when you were 17.
He worked as a waitor three years ago.
We stayed at the same hotel last time.
See also: List of regular verbs with spelling rules.
But sometimes we have to change their spelling in the following ways.
1. We add only -d (not -ed) to the word that ends in -e.
Move: We moved to a new house last year.
Phone: I phoned Sarah, but she didn't reply.
2. If a verb ends in a consonant and -y, we change -y into -i.
Marry: We married as soon as we had graduated.
Tidy: Mum, I tidied my room last week!
We played golf in the summer. ('Play' ends in a vowel and -y.)
3. If the regular verb has only one syllable and ends in a single vowel and a consonant, we double the consonant.
Plan: When I was young, I planned to be a fireman.
Stop: We stopped to have a rest.
This rule also applies to verbs which have more syllables and the word stress falls on the last syllable.
Kidnap: The president's children were kidnapped yesterday afternoon.
Prefer: We preferred to take a taxi to get there.
He entered the house through the back door. (The stress is not on the last syllable).
4. Words ending in -l always double the consonant after a single vowel.
Travel: We travelled together in one car.
Cancel: The British Airways flight was cancelled.