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Present tenses | going to exercises with answers
Online exercises practise the difference between the present simple, present continuous and going to used for future arrangements, intentions and predictions. All exercises are with answers.
Test 1 - Going to | present simple and continuous statements:
Exercise 1 | Exercise 2
Test 2 - Going to | present simple and continuous negative:
Exercise 3 | Exercise 4
Test 3 - Going to | present simple and continuous questions:
Exercise 5 | Exercise 6
Test 4 - Going to | present simple and continuous statements + questions:
Printable exercises PDF:
Printable grammar rules:
There are several grammatical structures in the English language with future meaning. In this section you can study the tenses and forms that express arrangements, plans, intentions and opinions.
(Note: There are also other forms to talk about future actions - Future tenses and Future perfect.)
Present simple | present continuous for future arrangements
With time expressions (next Friday, soon) the present simple and continuous (progressive) are used for definite future arrangements and plans. The time must be mentioned, otherwise the sentence would not have a future meaning.
I am watching TV tonight. (I will do it tonight, it is my plan.)
The continuous is more informal. It is the most usual way of expressing our personal plans.
I am leaving on Sunday. (I have decided to leave on Sunday, it is my plan.)
But: I leave on Sunday. (Someone else has decided it, it is someone's plan for me.)
The simple form is typically used in official statements and timetables.
The new shopping centre opens on 1 March.
The bus arrives at 6.55.
Going to - future intentions and predictions
1. It is used for intentions. We use it for decisions that we made before the moment of speaking.
I am going to clean the car and you can pack the suitcase.
We are going to reconstruct our house.
2. It is also used to express your opinion that something is certain to happen. There is evidence for your prediction.
Our team is going to win. (It is 4:0 and two minutes left. I am sure we will win the match.)
The planes are going to land. (You can see that they are coming closer and closer to the airport.)
Sometimes we can use all of these structures with a little difference in meaning.
I am travelling to France in May. (my personal arrangements)
I travel to France in May. (someone's plans for me)
I am going to travel to France in May. (my personal intentions)
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